Monstera deliciosa is easily identified by its beautiful, holey leaves and bright green colour. Because it is a vining plant, it can grow to be up to 8 feet (2.4 m) tall! If your monstera deliciosa plant is taking over your space, make a few cuts to keep it in check and looking great. Trimming methods are the same whether you’re working with standard or variegated monstera deliciosa.
Method 1 Pruning
1. Pruning your monstera before the spring growing season is a good idea. Try to prune the plant before the spring growing season if you want to control its size or just keep its shape. This aids in the recovery of your plant.
If your plant’s leaves are dry, yellow, or damaged, you can prune them at any time of year!
2. Rubbing alcohol can be used to sterilise sharp scissors or garden shears. Dirty blades can spread disease to your monstera, so clean them with a cloth dipped in rubbing alcohol or diluted bleach. Do you want to make your own disinfectant? 9 parts water to 1 part bleach
If the shears or scissors are extremely dirty, soak them in water for a few minutes to loosen the dirt before cleaning and disinfecting them.
3. Wear gloves to keep your hands safe from the plant’s venomous sap. The sap of Monstera deliciosa contains calcium oxalates, which can irritate your skin and cause a rash. To avoid skin irritation, put on a pair of gloves before you begin trimming the plant. If you have children or pets at home, keep your plant away from them.
Did you get sap on your skin by accident? Wash your skin with soapy warm water as soon as possible, and avoid touching your face or eyes.
4. Snip off any yellow, dry, or dead leaves near the stem’s base. When you see leaves that aren’t healthy, use sanitised shears or scissors to cut the damaged leaves off. Cut close to the stem’s base to avoid leaving long, scraggly stems on the plant.
Keep in mind that yellow leaves may indicate that the plant is receiving excessive water. Leaves turning brown at the tips indicate that the plant isn’t getting enough water.
5. To control the plant’s size, cut off stems near the main branch. Take a step back and look for branches that protrude awkwardly or don’t have many leaves. Use sterilised shears to make a clean, straight cut across the branch where it meets the base stem to trim scraggly branches or reduce the size of your monstera.
Keep in mind that by cutting off branches, you will encourage the plant to produce new growth near the plant’s base.
If you don’t want to completely remove a branch, you can make a cut below any node. For example, if you simply want to control the size of the plant, cut back each branch by 1/3 or 1/2.
6. If you want to repot it, cut back 1/3 of the roots. Can you see roots growing out of the drainage holes in the pot? If this is the case, carefully pull the plant out and loosen the roots with your fingers. Then, using sterilised shears, cut off 1/3 of the root ends and fill your pot with fresh soil. Before watering, place the trimmed monstera in the pot and surround it with soil.
If you can’t get the plant out, turn the pot upside down and cut the roots that are poking out of the holes. You should then be able to pull the plant out.
Are you dealing with a massive plant? Ask a friend to assist you in lifting the plant out of the pot and holding it.
These cuttings should be discarded because they can take root and grow in your compost pile.
Method 2 Propagating
1. Locate the node on a healthy branch. It’s very simple to propagate a new monstera deliciosa from the one you already have! Find the node by looking for a healthy branch with bright green leaves. The node is a bump or ring on the branch that is just below a leaf or stem.
It is critical to take a cutting that includes the node; otherwise, the cutting will not grow roots.
2. Directly below the node of a healthy cutting, make a cut. Cut the branch just below the node with sanitised scissors or shears. If you don’t have sturdy enough scissors, you can cut the branch straight across with a sharp knife.
Take a cutting from a branch that appears to be dry or has brown leaves.
3. Immerse the cutting’s bottom in water. Fill a tall glass or vase halfway with cool water and submerge the cutting so that the bottom 2 inches (5.1 cm) are submerged. It’s best to use a clear vase or glass so you can easily inspect the roots.
4. For a few weeks, or until roots form, change the water every few days. Place the glass with the cutting in indirect light and leave it there until roots grow from the bottom. Replace the water every few days to keep the cutting from rotting.
Every few weeks, check to see if roots have formed on your cutting. The length of time it takes is determined by the health and size of the cut you made.
5. When you’re ready to plant the cutting, fill a pot with well-draining soil mix. Choose a pot with drainage holes that is at least 6 inches (15 cm) across. This keeps water from pooling near the plant’s roots. Then, fill the pot halfway with a well-draining soil mixture.
Combine 3 parts potting soil with 2 parts perlite, pumice, or sand to make your own soil mixture.
6. Insert the cutting into the pot and cover it with soil. Plant your monstera deliciosa cutting by pushing the roots into the soil at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) deep. Hold the cutting steady while adding more soil mix to the pot until it’s almost full. Then, pour water into the pot until it begins to seep from the drainage holes at the bottom.
Place your new plant in a warm spot with indirect light and water it whenever the soil feels dry.
Creative Commons License